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Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, around 220 miles (354 km) offshore from the Brazilian coast. It is a special municipality (distrito estatal) of the Brazilian state of Pernambuco.
The main islands of this archipelago are the visible parts of a range of submerged mountains . Consisting of 21 islands, islets and rocks of volcanic origin, the main island has an area of 7.1 square miles (18 km²), being 6.2 miles (10 km) long and 2.2 miles (3.5 km) at its maximum width. The base of this enormous volcanic formation is 2480 feet (756 m) below the surface. The main island, from which the group gets its name, makes up 91% of the total area; the islands of Rata, Sela Gineta, Cabeluda and São Jose, together with the islets of Leão and Viúva make up the rest.
The climate is tropical, with two well defined seasons: the rainy season from January to August, and the dry season for the rest of the year. Unfortunately, the original land vegetation of the islands has been cut down, and nowadays is made up mostly of vines and bushes.
The main attraction is the maritime flora and fauna; one can spot sea tortoises, dolphins, albatrosses, among many others.
Fernando de Noronha is the best scuba diving place in Brazil. Warm water and exuberant subaquatic fauna and flora can be found in dives from 25 to 40 m deep. A Brazilian warship, the corvette NAeL Ipiranga, sank in 1987 and is lying in pristine condition at around 90 feet.
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|Dive sites (10)||Quality||Avg depth||Max depth||Experience||Dive type|
|Bahia do Sancho||- / -||8 m||15 m||All divers|
|Cabeco das Cordas||- / -||25 m||40 m||CMAS ** / AOW|
|Cagarras||- / -||20 m||30 m||CMAS * / OW|
|Caverna da Sapata||1 / -||18 m||28 m||CMAS * / OW|
|Corveta V-17 Ipiranga||9 / -||55 m||62 m||Kamikazes/Trimix|
|Ilha do Meio||4 / -||12 m||16 m||All divers|
|Lage dos 2 Irmãos||- / -||13 m||24 m||CMAS * / OW|
|Naufrágio do Porto||- / -||8 m||14 m||All divers|
|Pedras Secas||12 / -||14 m||20 m||CMAS * / OW|
|Ressureta||- / -||10 m||13 m||All divers|
Caverna da Sapata
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